In Texas, the illnesses that mosquitoes carry include Chikungunya, Dengue Fever, West Nile Virus, and the Zika Virus. In Louisiana, the most common diseases caused by mosquitoes are the West Nile Virus and the Zika Virus. These illnesses are commonly carried by the Aedes mosquito, which is frequently found in both Texas and Louisiana.
According to the WHO, while both viruses cause few problems in most people when they do cause symptoms, complications can be severe. Zika is mostly problematic for pregnant women, but even non-pregnant, healthy adults and children can develop neurological complications such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis. While neuropathy and myelitis are generally not life-threatening, about 3 to 5% of Guillain-Barré do suffer possible life-threatening complications. While most people who contract Guillain-Barré do eventually fully recover, the process of recovery can take years, and some continue with long-term effects even after fully recovered.
According to the CDC, 8 out of 10 who contract West-Nile virus never develop symptoms. Most of the remaining develop only a minor febrile illness. Even with a slight case, weakness and fatigue can last for months after recovery 1 in every 150 people who contract West-Nile virus go on to develop more severe illnesses infecting the central nervous symptom, including encephalitis and meningitis. Once the virus invades the central nervous system, about 1 in 10 dies, even when there is no fatality, this virus can take months to years to resolve, and can also leave permanent effects.
According to the WHO, cases of Chikungunya is rare in the United States. However, there have been a few outbreaks in Texas. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, and joint pain that can be quite severe. The fever generally resolves within 10-days, but the joint pain can last for weeks. In rare cases, Chikungunya can cause brain inflammation, brain damage, and even death. While a few cases have been found in Texas, most cases are contracted in tropical regions of Africa.
Luckily, this illness is infrequent in The United States. Most who develop it have traveled to areas outside of the country. However, it is another illness commonly carried by the Aedes mosquito so common in Texas. There have been rare outbreaks in the extreme southern part of Texas. You can probably cross this one off things to worry about when bitten by a mosquito.
As an ounce of prevention is worth that pound of cure, taking proper measures to reduce the risk of mosquito bites is essential. Luckily, there are many steps you can take to help you prevent these pesky insects from biting you. mosquitos are most active in the morning and evening hours, so ensuring you are adequately protected, especially during these times is crucial. Long sleeved shirts and long pants, as well as an insect repellant, can help when out and about.
Your risk of being bitten at home can be further reduced by taking simple measures. Quality mosquito misting performed by the professionals at Bug You Not pest Control can help reduce mosquitos in your yard. Other steps include reducing the risk of mosquitos reproducing in stagnant water around your home. If you have standing water, remember the motto, “Flip it, dump it, drain it.” This includes cleaning your gutters. Commonly, homeowners do not realize standing water remains in these troughs.